In short

Naw-Rúz is the first day of the Bahá'í calendar year and one of the eleven holy days for followers of the Bahá'í Faith. It occurs at the vernal equinox, on or around March 21, which is New Year's Eve Iranian traditional.


Naw-Rúz, the exported Persian festival

The traditional festival of Nowruz, from which the Bahá'í festival derives, has been celebrated since ancient times in Iran and is observed by culturally adjacent peoples in Azerbaijan, Türkiye, Iraq, ArmeniaGeorgia, Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria, and Tajikistan. The Báb, the founder of Babism, and then Baháʼu'lláh, the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, adopted this day as a holy day and associated it with the greatest name of God.

The Baha'i holiday as it is now calculated does not always fall on the same day as the traditional holiday (but may differ by one day) and does not incorporate a number of cultural practices Persian associated with the traditional festival, but is a religious event with readings from the Baha'i scriptures.

The Báb, the founder of the Bábi religion, established the Badí' calendar consisting of 19 months, each of 19 days. Both the first month and the first day of each month are named Bahá, an Arabic word meaning splendor or glory. Thus Naw-Rúz, the first day of the year, is the day of Bahá in the month of Bahá. The Báb called this day the Day of God and was associated with the one whom God will make manifest, a messianic figure in the Báb's writings.

Baháʼu'lláh, the founder of the Baháʼí Faith who is recognized as the messianic figure expected by the Báb, adopted the new calendar and the use of Naw-Rúz as a holy day. The day follows the Bahá'í month of fasting, and he explained that Naw-Rúz was associated with the greatest name of God and was established as a holiday for those observing the fast.

The symbolic notion of the renewal of time in each religious dispensation was made explicit by the writings of the Báb and Baháʼu'lláh and the calendar and the new year made this spiritual metaphor more concrete. ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, the son and successor of Baháʼu'lláh, explained the importance of Naw-Rúz in terms of spring and the new life it brings. He explained that the equinox is a symbol of the Manifestations of God, which include Jesus, Muhammad, the Báb and Baháʼu'lláh among others, and the message they proclaim is like a spiritual spring, and that Naw-Rúz is used to commemorate this day.

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Today, Baha'is celebrate Naw-Ruz, the New Year. This festival follows nine days of vacation with songs, dances and music with of course #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #nawruz