In short

The Mexican New Year or Aztec New Year (Yancuic Xīhuitl) is the celebration of the new year according to the Aztec calendar. The date on which the holiday falls in the Gregorian calendar depends on which version of the calendar is used, but it is generally considered to occur at sunrise on March 12.

Aztec New Year

Mexico and Aztec New Year

The holiday is observed in some Nahua communities in Mexico. To celebrate, ocote (pitch-pin) candles are lit on New Year's Eve, along with fireworks, drumming and singing. Some of the biggest events occur in Huauchinango, Naupan, Mexico City, Zongolica and Xicotepec.

The most recent and accepted version was proposed by Professor Rafael Tena (INAH), based on the studies of Durán, Sahagún and Alfonso Caso (UNAM). Its correlation confirms that the first day of the Mexican year was February 13 according to the old Julian calendar or February 23 according to the current Gregorian calendar. Using the same count, it was verified the date of birth of Huitzilopochtli, the end of the year and a cycle or "Tie of Years", and the New Fire Ceremony, sign of the day "1 Tecpatl" of the year » 2 Acatl, » corresponding to the date February 22.

This 365-day calendar corresponded to the solar year, was divided into 18 'months' of 20 days each, plus 5 'unnamed' days at the end of the year. Additionally, there are codices that show the existence of the leap year.

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On this day the Aztec New Year took place. This day is still celebrated by some Nahua communities. Okote candles are lit, songs and dances are performed the day before. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #March 12 #nahua #azteque


Aztec New Year