Ancient Greece is a civilization of Antiquity of peoples of Greek language and culture developed in Greece and in the western part of Asia Minor, then, following several phases of expansion, in other regions of the Mediterranean basin (Cyprus, Sicily, southern Italy, Egypt, Cyrenaica) and the Middle East (Syria, Palestine), constituting points of establishment as far as Spain and France to the west and Afghanistan (Bactria) to ballast.

This civilization of Greek culture developed during the last part of the “dark centuries” (c. 1200-800 BC), from the rubble of the Mycenaean civilization, and took shape in particular during the archaic era. (c. 800-480 BC), and fully developed during the Classical period (480-323 BC) and the Hellenistic period (323-31 BC). VS.). The Roman conquest (between 220 and 31 BC) marks the end of Greek political independence, but ancient Greek culture retained real dynamism under Roman domination, gradually evolving towards Byzantine civilization from the 4th century onwards. century.

ancient greece festivals

Festivals of Ancient, Mycenaean and Hellenistic Greece

Holidays of the month

  • March 5, 2024 (1 event)

    March 5, 2024

    Noumenia

    On this day, the greeks celebrated Noumenia, the New Moon marking a new month. The Noumenia is the second day of a three-day family festival held every lunar month – the Deipnon of Hekate, then the Noumenia, followed by the Agathos Daimon. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #noumenia

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  • March 9, 2024 (1 event)

    March 9, 2024

    Elaphebolia

    On this day, the greek celebrated Elaphebolia in honor of the goddess of the hunt Artemis. Rituals pay homage to nature and what it offers humans for living. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #6elaphebolion #GreeceAncient #Artemis

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  • March 11, 2024 (1 event)

    March 11, 2024

    Asklepia

    On this day, the Athenians celebrated Asklepia in honor of the god of healing and medicine. Purification rites allowed pilgrims to begin treatment to treat illnesses. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #8elaphebolion #asklepia #asklepios #Athens

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  • March 12, 2024 (1 event)

    March 12, 2024

    libation to Hephaestus

    On this day, the Athenians made a libation to Hephaestus. This god is the father of the first king of Athens and of the city itself. Although he was a secondary god during the Classic Period, he was still properly venerated in Athens. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #Athens #Hephaistos #Odyssey

  • March 13, 2024 (1 event)

    March 13, 2024

    Dionysia ta astika

    On this day, the Athenians celebrated Dionysia ta astika. This festival dates from the 6th century BCE, instituted by the Tyrants. Legend has it that the Athenians were punished with a genital disease for having rejected the god Dionysus. They had to cut off their parts and organize a procession carrying a phallus to make amends. The procession became annual to keep the favor of the god. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #Dionysus #Athens #13March

  • March 18, 2024 (1 event)

    March 18, 2024

    Artemis Mounichia

    On this day, the Greeks celebrated the Mounichia in honor of Artemis Mounichia. It was also used to commemorate the Battle of Salamis. There were sacrifices and a procession during which cakes topped with small candles were offered to the goddess. The young girls were disguised as bears as during the Artemis festivals taking place at the sanctuary of Brauron. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #April 18 #GreeceAncient #Artemis #Mounichia

  • March 20, 2024 (1 event)

    March 20, 2024

    pandia

    On this day, the Athenians celebrated Pandia. This spring festival was addressed to Zeus as the god of the lightening sky. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #March 20 #Pandia #Zeus

Cultural areas in ancient Greece

Ancient Greece is a civilization of Antiquity of peoples of Greek language and culture developed in Greece and in the western part of Asia Minor, then, following several phases of expansion, in other regions of the Mediterranean basin (Cyprus, Sicily, southern Italy, Egypt, Cyrenaica) and the Middle East (Syria, Palestine), constituting points of establishment as far as Spain and France to the west and Afghanistan (Bactria) to ballast.

This civilization of Greek culture developed during the last part of the “dark centuries” (1200-800 BCE), from the rubble of the Mycenaean civilization, and took shape in particular during the archaic era (800-480 BCE), and fully developed during the Classical period (480-323 BCE) and the Hellenistic period (323-31 BCE). The Roman conquest (between 220 and 31 BCE) marks the end of Greek political independence, but ancient Greek culture retained real dynamism under Roman domination, gradually evolving towards Byzantine civilization from the 4th century onwards.

Ancient Greek civilization exercised considerable influence in the ancient world, particularly after the conquests of Alexander the Great and during the Hellenistic era when it dominated and influenced the civilizations of the Middle East, where significant centers of Greek culture (Alexandria, Antioch). In the Mediterranean basin, Greek culture played a decisive role, through the influence it exerted on the civilization of the Rome ancient, where Greek became the language of knowledge used by the elites, to the point that we regularly speak of “Greco-Roman” culture. It is through this means that many political and cultural productions of the ancient Greek world had a major role in the development of Western civilization.

The Greek world therefore remained very dynamic culturally under Roman domination, and the cities remained the fundamental framework for political and social life. During Late Antiquity (c. 250-700) the world Roman oriental, of Greek culture, gradually took its autonomy around Constantinople, which became the capital of the Empire Roman of the East (or Byzantine Empire) and the new cultural center of the Greek world. Christianization, which led to the disappearance of the Greek polytheistic religion, and the progressive disintegration of the institutions of ancient Greek cities, at the same time, marked the end of ancient Greek civilization.

Greek cultural influence was also exerted on the intellectual life of the medieval Arab-Muslim world, and especially in the West where its status as a reference was confirmed on numerous occasions subsequently, several of the aspects of ancient Greek culture having served as sources of inspiration. Often idealized, it is commonly invested with the status of founding culture for the Western world. The archaeological rediscoveries made on Greek soil since the 19th century and new perspectives on ancient Greek texts transmitted to the modern era have made it possible to deepen and renew the knowledge and understanding of this civilization.