Christianity is an Abrahamic religion, originating in the Near East, based on the teaching, person and life of Jesus of Nazareth, as interpreted from the New Testament. It is a religion of salvation considering Jesus Christ as the Messiah announced by the prophets of the Old Testament. Faith in the resurrection of Jesus is at the heart of Christianity because it signifies liberation from evil.

The name "Christianity" comes from the Greek word Χριστός / Christós, which translates the Hebrew Messiah, מָשִׁיחַ – mashia'h ("the anointed one"). This word, originally applied to different characters in the Bible (prophets and kings), designates, in the Judaism late, a character who will come at the end of time to restore the kingship of God in Israel. The name Jesus Christ was given by Christians to Jesus, whom they consider to be the Messiah prophesied in the Old Testament.

Christianity holidays

Christian Festivals (Catholic, Orthodox, Orient, etc.)

Holidays of the month

  • March 1, 2024 (1 event)

    March 1, 2024

    Saint David

    Today, Christians celebrate Saint David (Dewi). Patron of Wales, it is a national holiday. He is often depicted with a dove and a leek, in reference to his miracles and the symbol of Wales. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #1March #saintdavid #DewiSant

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  • 4 March 2024 (1 event)

    4 March 2024

    Saint Casimir

    Today, Lithuanians celebrate Saint Casimir or Kaziuko mugė. This Kaziukas Day is marked with traditional music, dances and art in honor of Grand Duke Casimir, patron saint of Lithuania. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #4March #saintcasimir #lithuania

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  • March 5, 2024 (1 event)

    March 5, 2024

    Saint Piran

    Today, the English celebrate the patron saint of Cornwall, Saint Piran. Guardians of the tin miners, parades and traditional bagpipe music commemorate this saint. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #5March #cornwall #saintpiran

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  • March 8, 2024 (1 event)

    March 8, 2024

    jean of god

    Today, Catholics commemorate John of God. After many jobs and having served in numerous wars, he opened a bookstore in 1538 in Granada where he had his first revelations. This patron saint of the sick founded the order of Hospitallers and devoted his religious life to mortification. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #8March #JohnOfGod #Christianity

  • March 9, 2024 (1 event)

    March 9, 2024

    The Forty Martyrs of Sebaste

    Aujourd'hui, les chrétiens commémorent les quarante martyrs de Sébaste. En 313 fut établi l'édit de Milan, introduisant la liberté de religion dans l'Empire Roman, mais Licinius, qui régnait dans la partie orientale de l'Empire, cessa de la respecter quelques années plus tard. #mythologie #mythe #légende #calendrier #9mars #40Martyrs #christianisme

  • March 10, 2024 (1 event)

    March 10, 2024

    Apokries

    Today, the Orthodox celebrate Last Judgment Sunday. After a week of fasting (no meat), a mass is celebrated to recall the judgment of all believers before the throne of God. This prepares for Pascha (Easter). Many Orthodox countries organize a carnival on this day. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #apokries #meatfaresunday

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  • March 11, 2024 (1 event)

    March 11, 2024

    Pure Monday

    Today is Pure Monday, it is the first day of Great Lent in the Churches of the East, Orthodox and Catholic Churches of the Byzantine rite. The most practicing of the faithful abstain from meat, eggs and dairy from this day until Easter night. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #Great Lent #orthodoxy

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  • March 17, 2024 (2 events)

    March 17, 2024

    Forgiveness Sunday

    Today, the Orthodox celebrate Forgiveness Sunday. It follows the Sunday of the Last Judgment and precedes the Sunday of Orthodoxy. This last Sunday before the start of Great Lent. This day commemorates the expulsion of Adam and Eve from Paradise, inheriting death and corruption. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #orthodoxy #sundayofpardon

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    March 17, 2024

    Saint Patrick

    Today, the Irish celebrate Saint Patrick's Day. Patron saint of Ireland, he helped bring and spread Christianity in this country, whose symbol is the flight of serpents from the island and the shamrock symbol of the Trinity. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #March 17 #ireland #saintpatrick

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  • March 18, 2024 (1 event)

    March 18, 2024

    Madunnuccia

    Today, the Corsicans celebrate Madunnuccia. While the plague was raging in 1656, the Magnificent Elders of Ajaccio dedicated themselves to Our Lady of Mercy. The city was spared from the plague. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #March 18 #ajaccio #madunnuccia

  • March 19, 2024 (1 event)

    March 19, 2024

    Saint Joseph

    Today, Catholics celebrate Saint Joseph, husband of the Virgin Mary and adoptive father of Jesus Christ. In many Catholic countries, this day is similar to Father's Day. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar 1TP5QMarch 19 #saintjoseph

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  • March 25, 2024 (2 events)

    March 25, 2024

    Old Christian New Year

    On this day, Christians celebrated the New Year. This day is special in the old and new testaments: fall of Adam, murder of Abel, sacrifice of Melchizedek, sacrifice of Isaac, Annunciation, beheading of John the Baptist and death of the apostles Peter and James. The date of the Christian New Year was changed to 1581. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #March 25 #Christianity

    March 25, 2024

    Annunciation

    Today, Catholics celebrate the Annunciation of divine motherhood made to the Virgin Mary by the Archangel Gabriel. This last Annunciation comes after Sarah, wife of Abraham; Manoah's wife; and Mary's cousin, Elizabeth. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #March 25 #Annunciation

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  • 29 March 2024 (1 event)

    29 March 2024

    Good Friday

    Today, Christians celebrate Good Friday. It marks the day of the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #FridayHoly

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  • March 31, 2024 (1 event)

    March 31, 2024

    Easter

    Today, Christians celebrate Easter. It commemorates the resurrection of Jesus, which the New Testament places two days after the Passion, that is to say the “third day”. The solemnity, preceded by Holy Week, the last part of Lent, begins on the night preceding Easter Sunday, with the Easter vigil. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #easter #Christianity

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Cultural areas of Christianity

Christianity is an Abrahamic religion, originating in the Near East, based on the teaching, person and life of Jesus of Nazareth, as interpreted from the New Testament. It is a religion of salvation considering Jesus Christ as the Messiah announced by the prophets of the Old Testament. Faith in the resurrection of Jesus is at the heart of Christianity because it signifies the beginning of a hope for eternity free from evil.

The first Christian communities were born in the 1st century in the Holy Land and in the large cities of the Jewish diaspora such as Rome, Ephesus, Antioch and Alexandria. Christianity developed from the 2nd century in the Empire Roman, of which it became the official religion at the end of the 4th century, but also in Persian, in India and in Ethiopia.

The word Christian is not used by the Gospels to designate the disciples of Jesus; these are usually called the Galileans or the Nazoreans. The Acts of the Apostles indicates that the name Christian, derived from Christ, meaning follower of Christ, was given to the disciples of Jesus of Nazareth in Antioch, ancient Syria, which was a Greek-speaking city at the time.

The first Christians are not seen in Judea other than as one of the many sects within the Judaism, the most important of which are the Pharisees, the Sadducees, the Zealots and the Essenes.

The Acts of the Apostles and the letters of Paul suggest dissensions within the first community of Jerusalem, particularly between two currents: the Hellenists and the Hebrews.

At the beginning of the 4th century, Christians were few in number and united in diffuse communities. Christian communities take the name of Churches (from the Greek Ekklèsia = assembly). They are only really organized in the Middle East. Many churches were born over the following centuries.