In our context, Europe refers to the peoples of Romanesque culture (Rome is treated separately), Celtic, Germanic, Scandinavian, Icelandic and Breton. The peoples slavs have their own section.

europe parties

Festivals in Europe

Holidays of the month

  • March 1, 2024 (2 events)

    March 1, 2024

    Baba Dochia

    Today, the descendants of the Dacian and Thracian peoples (Romanians, Bulgarians, etc.) celebrate Baba Dochia or Baba Marta. The Martenitsi festival marks the world's impatience for the return of spring. Custom dictates that the cantankerous grandmother must be appeased for spring to triumph. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar 1TP5Q1March #muramie #bulgaria #babadochia #babamarta

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    March 1, 2024

    Chalandamarz

    Today, the Swiss celebrate Chalandamarz. Of Roman origin, this festival helps chase away winter and evil spirits to begin spring under favorable auspices. Children, in traditional outfits, sing and ring bells in the streets. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #1March #Switzerland #Chalandamarz

  • March 12, 2024 (1 event)

    March 12, 2024

    Grækarismessa

    Aujourd'hui, les Féroïens fêtent Grækarismessa (la messe grecque), en l'honneur du pape Græcaris le Grand, décédé le 12 mars 604. Ce jour est souvent le premier jour de la migration des Oystercatchers sur l'île ce qui marque le début du printemps. #mythologie #mythe #légende #calendrier #12mars #Grækarismessa #Oystercatchers #IlesFeroe

  • March 19, 2024 (2 events)

    March 19, 2024

    fallas

    Today, the inhabitants of Valencia (Spain) celebrate Fallas, the day of Saint Joseph, patron saint of carpenters. The night of March 15 is the Plantà for which gigantic statues are erected in composite materials, supported by wooden structures which serve as support. n jury comes to see all the fallacies of Valencia the next day and awards the prizes. They will all be burned on March 19 where they were planted. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #March 15 #March 19 #fallas #valence 1TP5Spain

    March 19, 2024

    Day of the Kashubians

    Today, the Kashubians (in eastern Pomerania) celebrate their unity. Their culture is highlighted in particular by a Baśka card game tournament. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #March 19 #Kashoube #Pomeranian #Poland #Germany

  • March 21, 2024 (1 event)

    March 21, 2024

    Ēostre

    On this day, the Germanic peoples (including Anglo-Saxons) worshiped the goddess Eostre (Ostara in old German). Easter in English is derived from the name of the goddess. It is assumed that the rabbit and egg customs come from ancient rites. #mythology #myth #legend #easter #eostre #ostara #calendar #March 21

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  • March 28, 2024 (1 event)

    March 28, 2024

    Ragnar Lodbrok

    Today, the Asatrus commemorate Ragnar Lodbrok. This Viking hero, at the heart of the legends of Scandinavia, the British Islands and even the Holy German Empire, was king of Sweden and Denmark. His saga is the source of Scandinavian nationalism although the stories blended the lives of various characters into a single hero. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #RagnarLodbrok #28March #Scandinavia

Cultural areas in Europe

The history of Europe is one of the best documented, studied and known parts of world history and refers to all the events linked to the European continent, from the time it was populated by the first peoples until until today. According to the German monograph Minderheitenrechte in Europa co-edited by Pan and Pfeil (2002), there are 87 distinct peoples, of which 33 constitute the majority of the population in at least one sovereign state, while the remaining 54 constitute minority ethnic groups.

In ancient times, Indo-European peoples practiced cults that had many things in common. The Germanic, Celtic mythological systems, Slavic, Greek and Latin had common features, such as the belief in a fundamental divine “triad”, and the division of men into several categories of distinct social rank.

In Europe, ancient religions are subdivided into:

  • faith in the Aesir and the Vanirs, which we today call Odinism, according to Germanic mythology;
  • faith in Scandinavian deities, according to Scandinavian mythology;
  • Druidism and its late Irish variant, the religion of the Filid, according to Celtic mythology;
  • orphism, according to Thracian and Dacian mythology;
  • faith in Scythian deities, according to the Scythian religion;
  • faith in deities slavs, according to mythology Slavic ;
  • faith in Greek deities, according to Greek mythology;
  • faith in Roman deities, according to Roman mythology;
  • in the Empire Roman, in addition to the gods of Olympus, mystery cults were also practiced and, in late antiquity, the christianity primitive.

One of the common points between religions prior to the christianity is polytheism, sometimes pantheistic, sometimes animistic.

Proselytism was not widespread among European peoples, each religion being that of a group of populations equally linked by language, and which had its own deities.