In short

In Rome, the feast of Mater Matuta was the Matralia, celebrated on June 11 in his temple of the Forum Boarium. The festival was reserved for single women or women in their first marriage, who would offer prayers for their nieces and nephews and then chase a slave out of the temple.


Matralia for an ancestral goddess

Mater Matuta was a native Latin goddess, whom the Romans eventually made equivalent to the dawn goddess Aurora and the goddess Greek Eos. His cult is attested in several places in Latium; his most famous temple was located at Satricum.

In Rome she had a temple on the north side of the Forum Boarium, supposedly built by Servius Tullius, destroyed in 506 BC. BC and rebuilt by Marcus Furius Camillus in 396 BC. were other temples for her.

Another notable place of worship was located in Campania, outside of present-day Capua. Dozens of votive statues depicting matres matutae were found in the so-called “fondo Patturelli” (a private estate) during excavations in the 19th century. A vast collection of these votives is kept at the Museo Campano in Capua.

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