In short

In ancient Roman religion, Matronalia (or Matronales Feriae) was a festival celebrating Juno Lucina, the goddess of childbirth ("Juno who brings children to light"), and of motherhood (mater is "mother" in Latin) and women in general. In the original Roman calendar, traditionally considered to have been established by Romulus, it was the first day of the year. Like the first day of March (Martius), the month of Mars was also the Feriae Martis.


Matronalia, feast of Juno Lucina

The date of the festival was associated with the dedication of a temple to Juno Lucina on Esquiline Hill around 268 BCE, and perhaps also with a commemoration of peace between the Romans and Sabines. By day, women participated in rituals at the temple, although details have not been preserved apart from the observation that they wore their hair loose (when Roman decorum otherwise required them to wear it), and n Were not allowed to wear belts or tie their clothes anywhere.

At home, women received gifts from their husbands and daughters, and Roman husbands were expected to offer prayers for their wives. Women also had to prepare a meal for domestic slaves (who had the day off), as Roman men did at Saturnalia.

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On this day, the Romans celebrated Matronalia. This Mother's Day also covered the birth of Rome and Spring. On this day of March, the god participated in a work of peace to recall the reconciliation between the Sabines and the Romans. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #1March #rome #matronalia