In short

Saint Anastasia Stritzoula or Anastasia of Illyria (died December 25, 304) was a Christian saint and martyr who died in Sirmium in the Roman province of Pannonia Secunda (modern Serbia). In L'Church orthodox, she is venerated under the name of Saint Anastasie the Pharmakolytria, that is to say "Deliverer of potions" (Ἁγία Ἀναστασία ἡ Φαρμακολύτρια).

Anastasia of Illyria

Anastasia of Illyria, a great Orthodox martyr

Anastasia has long been revered as a healer and exorcist. His relics rest in the Cathedral of Saint Anastasia in Zadar, Croatia. She is one of seven women who, along with the Blessed Virgin Mary, are commemorated by name in the Canon Roman of the Mass.

Before the liturgical reforms of the 20th century, this martyr had the distinction, unique in the Roman liturgy, of having a special commemoration at the second mass on Christmas Day. This daytime mass was originally celebrated not in honor of the birth of Christ but rather in commemoration of this martyrdom, and towards the end of the 5th century its name was also inserted into the Canon Roman.

There legend makes Anastasia or Anastasia the daughter of Praetextatus, a vir illustris Roman, and affirms that she had Chrysogonus as her master. At the start of Diocletian's persecution, the emperor summoned Chrysogonus to Aquileia where he suffered martyrdom. Anastasie, having gone from Aquileia to Sirmium to visit the faithful of that place, was beheaded on the island of Palmaria, on December 25, and her body buried in the house of Apollonia, which had been converted into a basilica.

The entire story is purely legendary and has no historical basis. All that is certain is that a martyr named Anastasia gave her life for the faith in Sirmium and that her memory was preserved in that city. HAS Rome, a church in Antiquity bore the name of a certain Anastasia and is listed under the name titulus Anastasiae in the acts of the 499 synods romans. At some point in history, this church became dedicated to this martyr of the same name. It has the rank of basilica and is one of the titular churches of Rome attributed to a cardinal-priest.

L'Church orthodox reveres Saint Anastasia as a great martyr, usually referring to her as "Anastasia the Potion Deliverer", "Anastasia the Healer", or "Anastasia of Sirmium". She is often given the epithets "Deliverer of Bonds" and "Deliverer of Potions", because her intercessions are credited with protecting the faithful from poison and other harmful substances. His feast day is celebrated on December 22 on the calendar of theChurch orthodox eastern. According to the Synaxarion, she was the daughter of Praepextatus (a pagan) and Fausta (a Christian).

In the 5th century, the relics of Saint Anastasia were transferred to Constantinople, where a church was built and dedicated to him. Later, the relics, including his skull, were transferred to the monastery of Saint Anastasia the Pharmokolitria, in Chalkidiki of Greece, near Mount Athos.

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Today the Orthodox celebrate Saint Anastasie of Illyria, Deliverer of potions, healer. Visiting the persecuted worshipers in Palmaria, she was beheaded on December 25. However, it is celebrated on December 22. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #22December #sainteanastasia #anastasie


Anastasia of Illyria