In short

Rosalia, Saint Rosalie (1130–1166), also called La Santuzza or "The Little Saint", and in Sicilian "Rusulia", is the patroness of Palermo in Italy, Camargo, Chihuahua and three cities in Venezuela: El Hatillo , Zuata, and El Playon. She is particularly important internationally as a saint invoked in times of plague.

Saint Rosalie

Saint Rosalie, the patroness against plagues

Rosalia was born to a Norman noble family who claimed descent from Charlemagne. Devoutly religious, she retired to live as a hermit in a cave on Mount Pellegrino, where she died alone in 1166. Tradition says that she was led to the cave by two angels. On the wall of the cave she wrote "I, Rosalia, daughter of Sinibald, lord of [Monte] delle Rose, and Quisquina, have resolved to live in this cave for the love of my Lord, Jesus -Christ. »

In 1624, a plague struck Palermo. During this ordeal, Rosalia is said to have appeared first to a sick woman, then to a hunter, to whom she indicated where her remains were. She ordered him to bring his bones to Palermo and have them carried in procession through the city.

The hunter climbed the mountain and found his bones in the cave as described. He did what she asked in the apparition. After his remains were carried around the city three times, the plague ceased. After this, Rosalia was revered as the patroness of Palermo and a sanctuary was built in the cave where her remains were discovered.

Its post-1624 iconography is dominated by the work of the Flemish painter Anthony van Dyck, who was trapped in the city during the 1624–25 quarantine, during which time he produced five paintings of Rosalia, now in Madrid, Houston, London, New York and Palermo itself. In 1629 he also produced Saint Rosalia Interceding for the City of Palermo and Coronation of Saint Rosalia to aid Jesuit efforts to spread devotion to her beyond Sicily.

In Palermo, the Festino di Santa Rosalia takes place every year on July 14 and continues until the next day. It is a major social and religious event in the city.

On September 4, a tradition of walking barefoot from Palermo to the Sanctuary of Santa Rosalia on the heights of Mount Pellegrino is observed in Rosalia's honor. In Italian-American communities in the United States, the July feast is usually dedicated to Our Lady of Mount Carmel while the September feast, beginning in August, attracts large numbers of visitors to the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn each year. At New York.

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Today, the Italians celebrate Saint Rosalie said of Palermo. In 1624, the plague broke out in Palermo. Rosalie appeared to a dying woman who was saved by drinking water from the grotto of Mount Pellegrino and to whom the saint revealed the location of her relics. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #15July #sainterosalie #palermo


Saint Rosalie