In short

Naraka Chaturdashi (also known as Kali Chaudas, Narak Chaudas, Roop Chaudas, Choti Diwali, Naraka Nivaran Chaturdashi or Bhoot Chaturdashi) is a Hindu festival, which falls on Chaturdashi (14th day) of the Krishna Paksha in the calendar month Hindu Shalivahan Shaka of Ashwin.

Naraka Chaturdashi

Naraka Chaturdashi

It is the second day of the five-day Deepavali/Diwali festival. Hindu literature relates that the asura (demon) Narakasura was killed on this day by Krishna, Satyabhama and Kali. The day is celebrated with religious rituals early in the morning and festivities follow one another.

The puja is performed with oil, flowers and sandalwood. Coconuts are also offered to Lord Hanuman and Prasada of sesame seeds, jaggery and rice flakes (poha) with ghee and sugar.

The rituals of Kali Choudas strongly suggest the origin of Diwali when a harvest festival is celebrated. On this day, delicacies are prepared from pounded semi-cooked rice (called Poha or Pova). This rice comes from the fresh harvest available at that time. This custom is prevalent in both rural and urban areas, especially in western India.

On this day, washing the head and applying kajal to the eyes is believed to ward off kali nazar (evil eye). Some say that those who love tantra learn their “mantras” on this day. Alternatively, people propose that Nivet is local to where they originated. This goddess is called their Kula Devi, in order to drive away evil spirits. Some families also offer food to their ancestors on this day. The second day of Deepavali is known as Kali Choudas in Rajasthan and Gujarat.

That day, the hindu get up earlier than usual. Men will rub their bodies in scented oils before bathing. Next, clean clothes are worn; some people wear new ones. A hearty breakfast is enjoyed with relatives and friends. In the evening, a mixture of bright and noisy fireworks are set off in an atmosphere of joyous fun and noise. Special sweet dishes are served as part of the midday meal. The house is lit with oil lamps during the evening.

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Today the hindu celebrate Naraka Chaturdashi. This festival marks the death of the asura Narakasura by Krishna, Satyabhama and Kali. This day is also the 5th of the Diwali festival. #calendar #hindu #mythology #myth #legend #diwali #krishna #narakachaturdashi

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Naraka Chaturdashi