In Serbia, when the harvests have come in and the vines have been harvested, and autumn and winter are here, the time for slava comes. This religious festival which pays homage to the patron saint of the family is essentially a convivial celebration.
Slava, the feast of the patron saint of the family
The opinion prevails today that it is a survival of paganism Slavic when each family had its protective deity. Like many other customs, it has been integrated and reinterpreted by thechurch orthodox Serbian who revisited its folklore and its origins. It was codified in the 13th century by Saint Sava, the founder ofchurch orthodox Serbian autocephalous.
Nearly half of Serbian families celebrate Saint Nicholas on December 19, the most celebrated being the two Saint George (Djurdjevdan on May 6 and Djurdjic on November 16), followed by the feast of the Archangel St Michael (November 21), those of Saint John (January 20), Saint Dimitri on November 8, and Saint Parascheva on October 27.
To celebrate slava, three ingredients are absolutely necessary: an icon of the patron saint of the family, a slava cake (slavski kolac) decorated with a cross and zito (wheat ground and mixed with sugar and chopped nuts), to which must be added wine and a candle. The most religious bring the priest who blesses the cake (symbol of the body of Christ) and pours a little wine on it (symbol of the blood of Christ). This is when we break the cake as a sign of cohesion. Other families bring the cakechurch where he is blessed.
The party lasts more than one day. It is necessary to prepare the cake, a sort of round brioche, the zito, and the festive meal which will be with meat or without depending on whether the date of the feast falls during Lent or not. Traditional dishes – gibanica (cheese puff pastry), ajvar (crushed peppers and chili peppers), kajmak (whipped milk cream), and sarma (stuffed cabbage leaves with or without meat) – are served to guests who parade all day. Since many Slavic take place on the same day, it is rare for guests to stay more than an hour in each family.
It was included in 2014 by UNESCO on the representative list of the intangible heritage of humanity.
Today, Serbs celebrate slava. This celebration of the patron saints of the family dates back to the mythological times of Serbia. Zito, Slavski Kolac and other traditional dishes are honored during the family meal. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #December 19 #Serbia #slava #zito