Islam is a monotheistic religion revealed to the prophet Muhammad in Mecca in Arabia in the 7th century.

The Muslim religion is based on a revelation in the Arabic language, presenting itself as resulting from the continuity of the original religion of Adam, Noah, and all the prophets among whom it also places Jesus (called Îsâ in the Koran). Thus, Islam describes itself as a return to the pure monotheism of Abraham (called Ibrahim), from the point of view of belief.

The holy book of Islam is the Quran. Islamic dogma assures that it contains the collection of the revelation of Allah, which was carried out on his prophet Muhammad through the intermediary of the archangel Gabriel (called Jibril in the Koran).

The Quran recognizes the divine origin of all the sacred books of the Judaism and christianity, while considering that they have, in their current forms, undergone falsifications: the Suhuf-i-Ibrahim (the Papers of Abraham), the Tawrat (the Pentateuch or the Torah) of Moussa (Moses), the Zabur of Daoud (David) and Suleyman (Solomon) (identified with the Book of Psalms) and the Injil (the Gospel) of Îsâ (Jesus).

Islam holidays

Festivals of the currents of Islam

Holidays of the month

  • March 10, 2024 (1 event)

    March 10, 2024

    Ramadan

    Today, Muslims begin the month of Ramadan (meaning summer heat) and the eponymous fast or saoum. Fasting during the month of Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. Adults should not eat, drink or have sexual intercourse from dawn to dusk. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #ramadan #saoum

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  • March 22, 2024 (1 event)

    March 22, 2024

    nevruz

    Today, the Bektashi people of Albania celebrate Nevruz. This festival commemorates the birth of Ali Ibn Abi Talib in the 5th century CE. #mythology #myth #legend #calendar #March 22 #nevruz #AliIbnAbiTalib

  • March 28, 2024 (1 event)

    March 28, 2024

    Nuzul Al Quran

    Today, Muslims commemorate Nuzul Al-Quran. This event refers to the revelation of the first recitation of the Quran by the archangel Gabriel to the prophet Muhammad in a cave on Mount Hira near Mecca. #mythology #myth #legend #Islam #calendar #quran

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Cultural areas of Islam

Islam (الإسلام submission) is an Abrahamic religion based on the dogma of absolute monotheism (تَوْحيد, tawhid) and taking its source from the Koran, considered as the receptacle of the revealed word of God (الله, Allah), in the 7th century in Arabia, to Muhammad (محمّد, Muḥammad), proclaimed by believers as the last prophet of God.

A follower is called a Muslim; he has religious duties, often called the “pillars”. Muslims believe that God is unique and indivisible and that it is natural religion in the sense that it does not need faith in divine unity to establish the existence of God, this truth being given entirely from the beginning. first day and from the first Man (Adam). Thus, it presents itself as a return in the footsteps of Abraham (called, in Arabic, Ibrahim), in an exclusive submission to the will of Allah.

A century after the prophet's death, an Islamic empire expanded from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Central Asia in the east. This religion was born in a context of endemic violence and is carried by a war leader. Numerous battles characterize this period. From the first caliph, Abu Bakr, a war was waged by Arabs who defended their ancestral beliefs. The death of the third caliph led to a civil war among the Muslims. This period of territorial expansion and political construction of the caliphate saw the establishment of religion, its dogmas, its norms and its rites.

The Abbasid Caliphate saw the establishment of a fixation on the Muslim religion. During this period (approximately from the 9th to the 11th century of the common era), the sîra and the hadiths were written down and chains of oral transmission reconstructed.

For Muslims, the Quran brings together the words of Allah, revelations (āyāt) made to the last prophet and messenger of God Muhammad (محمد, Muḥammad, "the praised") from 610–612 until his death in 632 by the archangel Gabriel (جبريل, Jibrîl).

According to traditions, Muhammad being illiterate until the advanced age of 40, he was not the one who wrote down the Koran. During the life of Muhammad, the transmission of texts was mainly done orally and was based on this “recitation” which is precisely evoked by the term qur'ān, even after the establishment in Medina.

Still according to these traditions, shortly after the death of Muhammad (in 632), a first collection of the Koran was compiled under the authority of the first caliph and father-in-law of Muhammad, Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, who, at the request of Omar ibn al-Khattâb, when a large number of companions who had memorized the Koran by heart were killed at the battle of Al-Yamama, put the scribe of the prophet Zayd ibn Thâbit at the head of a commission whose mission was to bring together all the passages recited during his lifetime in order to save them in a writing deposited in the hands of his daughter Aïcha, widow of Mohammed.

The third caliph, Othmân ibn Affân (644-656), following discrepancies in recitations that arose between Iraqis and Syrians, would have asked Hafsa to lend him the manuscript in his possession in order to establish a unique and official text based on this edition and to send bound copies to the different Muslim provinces. In order to eliminate any risk of error and to ward off any possible dispute, the commission only accepted writings which had been written in the presence of Muhammad and required two reliable witnesses in support, who had actually heard Muhammad recite the verses in question.