The term Judaism designates the tradition, religious culture and way of life of the Jews made up of descendants of the Israelites from the ancient land of Israel, individuals and a few minorities who joined them through conversion and mixed with them throughout their diaspora of two millennia.

According to its founding texts, in particular the Tanakh, the faith of the ancient Israelites and their descendants, the Jews, would be based on a covenant contracted between God and Abraham, which would then have been renewed between God and Moses.

The Jews founded Judaism on the Abrahamic religion which would then flourish in the Mosaic Law (the Torah, the Nevi'im and the Ketouvim), collectively designated by the acronym Tanakh, the text of which constitutes the Miqra or Hebrew Bible.

This religion is based on the worship of the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, with the ineffable Name, which it conceives as an eternal Essence (YHWH), which holds all the powers (Elohim), transcendent Lord of lords ( Adonaï) whom she considers One and Unique and whom she describes thus: omnipotent, omniscient, just and merciful.

judaism holidays

Festivals of the currents of Judaism

Holidays of the month

Cultural areas of Judaism

The term Judaism designates the tradition, religious culture and way of life of the Jews made up of descendants of the Israelites from the ancient land of Israel, individuals and a few minorities who joined them through conversion and mixed with them throughout their diaspora of two millennia. Judaism includes religious elements but is not limited to them since it contains, in addition to its code of conduct, legislation, rites, and customs that are not specifically religious.

According to its founding texts, in particular the Tanakh, the faith of the ancient Israelites and their descendants, the Jews, would be based on a covenant contracted between God and Abraham, which would then have been renewed between God and Moses.

The Jews founded Judaism on the Abrahamic religion which would then flourish in the Mosaic Law (the Torah, the Nevi'im and the Ketouvim), collectively designated by the acronym Tanakh, the text of which constitutes the Miqra or Hebrew Bible.

This religion is based on the worship of the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, with the ineffable Name, which it conceives as an eternal Essence (YHWH), which holds all the powers (Elohim), transcendent Lord of lords ( Adonaï) whom she considers One and Unique and whom she describes thus: omnipotent, omniscient, just and merciful.

This religion also professes that the gathering of all powers (Elohim) manifested the creator of the world who continues to be involved in its destiny by bursting into its History, as when he brought the children of Israel out of Egypt. The kohanim of the twice destroyed Temple of Jerusalem ensured His worship. The rabbis then transmitted the Jewish tradition to the present day.

Judaism is one of the oldest monotheistic religious traditions still practiced today. The values and history of the Jewish people are at the source of the two other Abrahamic religions, the christianity and Islam. However, it is not the basis of Samaritanism, which is a competing Israelite tradition, nor of Zoroastrianism, itself derived from Mazdaism.